Thoughts on Development from Van Molyvann

Source: Molyvann, Vann. Modern Khmer Cities. Phnom Penh, Cambodia : Reyum ; [Chicago, IL?] : Sales and distribution, USA, Art Media Resources, c2003.

Phnom Penh

From Introduction:

“My research is based on the belief that the evolution of land management must be analysed through multiple intersecting themes which not only include physical, geographical, historical and archaeological elements, but also involve the socia-economic, cultural and religious context of the people.

Contemporary urban planning must concern itself not only with plans and buildings, but also the social-economic environments into which buildings, infrastructures and urban plans are inserted.

Such an approach must analyse existing contemporary environments, and historicize these settings to consider both the past and the present when planning for the future. The site must be understood for its past (that is, its geology, its archaeological remains, its history development) as well as for its present conditions and limitations (soil on which buildings are built, climate in which buildings are used, water availability etc). Similarly, the social milieu must be understood both on terms of past social and cultural uses of the site as well as in the present in order to develop in harmony with the habits of populations for which plans are intended.”

Page 19
City classifications:

_Principal City: Phnom Penh
Notes: The satellite city of Takhmau is growing in tandem it is probable that the two cities will eventually merge into one large urban conglomeration

_Important Provincial Cities: Pursat, Battambang, Kompong, Cham and Takmau
Notes: 80& of cultivation depends upon adequate rainfall. Average rice production is of the order of 1.3 tons per hectare an extremely low figure when compared to international figures for intensive rice production.

_Tourist Cities: Siem Reap
Notes: Sihanoukville in the long term offers complimentary tourist potential to the Angkor/Siem Reap region

_Port Cities: Sihanoukville + Koh Kong
Notes: Half-a-million tons of cargo passes through this port each year

_Border Cities: Poipet, Pailin, Sisophon, Svay Rieng
Notes: In the 1960s there was a proposed ECAFE (Economic Council for Asia and the Far East) highway which was to start in Turkey, and then pass through Pakistan, India, Burma and Thailand.

_Provincial Towns: Prey Veng, Kompong Thom, Kompong Chhnang, and Takeo.
Notes: Limited commercial and industrial activity.

_Towns in Remote Provinces: Kratie, Stung Treng, Tbeng Meanchey, Banlung, Sen Monorom
Notes: Limited modern infrastructure, far from existing commercial routes.

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